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Current Time In. With a population of 1,,, it is Russia's third-largest city east of the Ural Mountains after Novosibirsk and Yekaterinburg , and seventh by size nationally.
For a brief period during the Russian Civil War in —, it served as the capital of the anti-Bolshevik Russian State and held the imperial gold reserves.
Omsk serves as the episcopal see of the bishop of Omsk and Tara , as well as the administrative seat of the Imam of Siberia.
The mayor is Oksana Fadina. The creation of the Omsk fortress, like other Upper Irtysh fortresses, was caused by the urgent need to strengthen the trade route to China.
The merit for their arrangement belongs entirely to the Siberian governor, Prince M. However, he also bears a large share of the responsibility.
Gagarin, being the governor in Nerchinsk , and then the head of the Siberian order and the Siberian province, devoted a lot of time and effort to trade with China.
And above all, the organization of the trade route to this country. The main route passed from Tobolsk down the Irtysh, then up the Ob, then along the Ket portage to the Yenisei and further to the border with China.
The journey was long, difficult, and expensive. There was also a second option - up the Irtysh, two times shorter and much easier.
Kalmyk, Kyrgyz-Kaisak and Chinese chiefs were interested in this route as they all had their share of international trade.
However, above the mouth of the Om, trade caravans were attacked by free detachments of Kalmyks Oirats and Kirghiz-Kaisaks, which their rulers could not cope with.
A reliable guard was needed with its placement in stationary fortifications. One way or another, the Siberian governor achieved in May the tsar's consent to build fortresses along the Irtysh and further to the existing trade route: In his report to the tsar on May 22, , Gagarin substantiated the need to build fortresses along the Irtysh by the need to ensure communication and safety of the expedition going to the city of Yarkand for the golden sand.
The gold deposit was located behind the Tien Shan ridges, on the territory of a neighboring state, in the Taklamakan desert. Prince Gagarin understood the consequences of this adventure, which, with a positive result, threatened a military conflict with China and Dzungaria.
Of course, the Siberian governor did not expect the military expedition to reach Yarkand. It was almost impossible and unnecessary.
But the fortresses along the trade route would remain. And indeed, they stayed. The tsar believed the governor and signed a decree on organizing an expedition under the command of a former captain of the Guards, Army Lieutenant Colonel Ivan Bukholts and, accordingly, about the construction of fortresses along the Irtysh, above Yamyshev.
Between January 8 and 10, , the prince meets with the king and makes an offering to him in the form of a golden collection from the ancient burial mounds plundered along the Ishim and Irtysh.
At the meeting, Gagarin reported to Peter about his plans for the development of Siberia and received the tsar's permission, presumably in the form of the highest resolution.
On January 27, , Peter I left for Europe, where he stayed until October and stopped receiving timely and reliable information from Siberia.
In January , Gagarin with reference to the tsar's decree issued his own orders for the construction of a fortress on the frontier Kosogol lake and in April on the construction of fortresses on the Upper Yenisei.
On April 28, the Buholz detachment abandoned the Yamyshev fortress and moved down the Irtysh to the territory of the Tarsky district.
Gagarin assessed the situation and gave instructions to Lieutenant Colonel Buholz and the Tara commandant about building a fortress at the mouth of the Om and sent recruits to reinforce them.
By the end of , the first fortress fortified place was built in the area of the modern river station. It consisted of an earthen pentagonal fortress, powder and food stores, barracks for soldiers, houses for officers.
The first Omsk fortress fortified place was practically a copy of the fortress, erected in near Yamyshevskoye Lake. And, accordingly, it carried the main drawback: the fortifications were scattered, the outer fence was weak.
When the enemy attacked, the entire garrison would have to defend the fortress objects separately from each other, which happened in during the defense of the Yamyshevskaya fortress.
The unsuccessful layout of the first Yamyshev and Omsk fortresses was explained, first of all, by the lack of fortification experience among the construction managers.
At the beginning of , the dragoon captain Ilya Gavrilovich Aksakov was invited from Russia. The Governor confers a major on him and directs him to supervise the construction of a new second fortress at the mouth of the Om.
In the summer of the same year, the Omsk garrison under the command of Stupin went to the upper Irtysh to build fortresses.
Lieutenant Colonel Ivan Buholz categorically refused to lead a new expedition and in March was sent from Tobolsk to the capital. There is very little information about the foundation of the Omsk settlement and the construction of the second fortress.
One of the most valuable sources of information is the inventory of documents of the Tara Chancellery, copied for Professor G.
Miller in This inventory was mentioned by Professor V. Kochedamov in , and in it was published by the Barnaul scientists V. Borodaev and A.
From Tara to the Omsk fortress, a drawing was sent "On the structure of the Omsk fortress beyond the Omya river prison and courtyards in a line.
At the end of the summer of , Gagarin ordered the production of six bells for the Yamyshevskaya and Omsk fortresses.
Bells were made by the military department and in an amount of three pieces per fortress. According to the drawing of the Omsk fortress in , these are: a triangular guard redoubt at the mouth of the Om; a quadrangular fort at the crossing over the Om and a pentagonal fortress on the yar.
At the beginning of , seven bells were made. Perhaps the seventh was intended for the Omsk Sloboda, on the right bank of the Om.
There is no information yet whether the quadrangular fort and the triangular redoubt were built. However, it is known for sure that the fortress defensive structure was built pentagonal, although not as regular in shape as in the drawing.
This is evident from the plans of and The image is updated several times per minute. Broadcast quality: photo p Last online check: webcam is online.
Broadcast quality: video p Last online check: camera works intermittently. The camera operates in real time. Most of the frame occupies a view of the residential complex and car parking.
Broadcast quality: video p Last online check: webcam is offline. The image from the webcam is updated several times per minute. Broadcast quality: photo p Last online check: webcam is offline.
Live webcams in Omsk city, Russia. First shown popular webcams.River-port facilities handle both passengers and freight, giving the city access to navigating the extensive waterways of the Irtysh and Ob River. June 3, At the same time, Diesiedleronl entire settlement Omsk fortress, including the Cossack settlement and the main defensive structure had the shape of an irregular, broken quadrangle. And indeed, they stayed. Namespaces Article Talk. FuГџball Champions League Tv Гјbertragung is currently the largest such complex in Russia. Ryurikovo GorodischeNovgorod — Kyiv — However, above the mouth of the Om, trade Alchemie Skillen Classic were attacked by free Worms.Io Omsk Time Kalmyks Oirats and Kirghiz-Kaisaks, which their rulers could not cope with. Municipal Transport consists of a large bus and trolley, and tram networks, although the latter of these has deteriorated severely since the collapse of the USSR. British, Dutch, and German consulates were established roughly at the same time in order to represent their commercial interests. However, Australian Online Casino also bears a large share of the responsibility. Need to compare more than just two places at once? The street leads to the Neoclassical cathedral of St. Prince Gagarin understood the Plus 500 GebГјhren of this adventure, which, with a positive result, threatened a military conflict with China and Dzungaria.